subject to some constrains g(x,u). Note that g(x,u) is a vector function. In the above x represents the state variable vector and u the design variable vector. It is
In the airfoil optimization or in general in the aerodynamic design of flying bodies usually the f(x,u) function represents scalar functions such as the Drag, the Drag to Lift ratio, the negative of the Lift etc. The constraint function g(x,u) represents the governing equations of the flow. Usually they are the Euler equations for inviscid flow or the Navier-Stokes equation for viscous flow. Research at ICAM (Interdisciplinary Center for Applied Mathematics) focuses at solving the optimization problem using the Sensitivity Equation Method. We refer to the sensitivity as the partial derivatives of the conserved or primitive variables of the flow (pressure, density, velocity, energy etc.) with respect to some parameter of the flow such as angle of attack, airfoil thickness, Mach-number etc. It was shown numerically that when we have a basic flow around an airfoil with constant conditions then the flow resulting from a small perturbation in the parameters of the flow can be approximated by a Taylor series. That means that the perturbed flow solution equals the basic flow plus the product of the sensitivity of the flow times the perturbation of the parameter. Mathematically the above can be written as
It is clear that the above is an efficient and very fast method on getting perturbed flow solution because all it requires is a matrix multiplication and an addition (when the sensitivities are known). A designer can use the above method to visualize a flow for conditions other than the design conditions. This allows him to early identify regions where the design has limited performance and make the appropriate changes.
Iossif Mugtussidis will be responsible for the background information, the data and the development of the design tool.
Dimitrios G. Stamos will be responsible for the web implementation and presentation of the project.
Interaction between the two members will be inevitable and in great